is a village of great antiquity and originally consisted of two
Manors, and for ease of identification they have been known throughout
history as BROMHAM ROCHES and BROMHAM
the ecclesiastical manor of Bromham Battle, there was also a lay
manor, called Roches manor, which took its name from the family
of de la Roche who held land in Bromham as early as the 13th century.
John de la Roche, the grantee from Thomas Alewy at Bromham in 1293, continued to acquire lands in that parish, which eventually gained the status of a Manor called Roches. In 1397, John de la Roche, knight, had demised to Thomas and Alice Ballard for their lives, a moor by Ydethelee (St. Edith's Marsh) and the grantees were to do suit at Roche, from which it is clear that the Manor of Roche in Bromham was in existence by that year.
From two co-heiresses of Sir John de la Roche, who died in 1401,
the Manor of Roche came successively into the families of de Beauchamp
and Bayntun. The de Beauchamp family were the descendants of the
elder co-heiress of John de la Roche and the Bayntun family were
heirs of the younger co-heiress and inherited the Manor of Bromham
Bayntuns, before succeeding to the Bromham property, had long been
seated at Faulston House,
a moated mansion in the parish of Bishopstone in South Wiltshire.
The first inheritor of Bromham Manor was John Bayntun, the son and
heir of Sir Robert Bayntun, of Faulston, who having fought at Tewkesbury
under the banner of Henry VI, was taken prisoner, and attained.
attainder was subsequently reversed, his estates recovered, and
his son, John, restored in blood by Henry VII in 1503. John died
in 1516, and was succeeded by his eldest son Edward Bayntun (afterwards
are a number of 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th century court rolls for
this manor. Many of them are only fragmentary, but it appears that
in the 14th century, usually, although not invariably, three courts
were held a year. The Court Book of the Bayntuns for the Manor of
Bromham, for the years 1565 to 1612 is in the British Museum. During
those years the Court of the Manor of Bromham was held twice a year.
There are two more Court Books in the Wiltshire Records Office for
the periods 1545 to 1557 and from 1615 to 1638.
Lords of Bromham Roches Manor were:
de la ROCHE (c1260) - of Bromham,
JOHN de la ROCHE (c1289-1375) - of Bromham,
Was married to Agnes de Berwick, the daughter of Gilbert de
Berwick of East Winterslow, Berwick, Wiltshire. He was possibly
29 years or more, when he inherited the Lordship of the Manor
of Bromham Roche and was Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1333. When
he died in 1375, the Manor was passed onto his 35 year old
son and heir, Sir John de la Roche.
JOHN de la ROCHE (1340-1400) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Ambassador to Aragon, Joint Warden of Savernake Forest, Constable
of Marlborough Castle, Deputy Marshal of England, Captain of Brest,
Knight of the Shire for Wiltshire, Sheriff of Wiltshire. He
was also appointed Overseer of the Royal Forests of Chippenham,
Melksham and Pewsham, Keeper of Marlborough Castle and Savernake
Forest and Admiral of the South and West. He was married
to Wilhelma de la Mare (d1410), the daughter and heiress of Robert
de la Mare of Steeple Lavington. In a deed dated 1397, John de la
Roche demised to Thomas Ballard and Alice his wife, for their lives,
a moor by St. Edith's Marsh. The grantees were to pay 2/- per annum
at Roches. It is clear from this deed that the Manor of Roches was
in existence long before this date. When Sir John died in 1401,
the Manor or Bromham Roches was passed onto his 16 year old daughter,
Elizabeth de la Roche.
de la ROCHE (1385-1447) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married to Sir Walter de Beauchamp of Powick, who was
a military person of celebrity in the reign of Henry IV and Henry
V and a Speaker in the Parliament of 1416. He was also Sheriff of
Wiltshire (1402-1403). Sir Walter therefore became Lord of
the Manor of Bromham Roches by right of his wife and when he died
in 1430 the title was passed onto his 37 year old son and heir,
Sir William de Beauchamp.
WILLIAM de BEAUCHAMP (1410-1457) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married to Lady Elizabeth de Braybrook Baroness de Saint
Amand, the eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Gerald de Braybrook
(1389-1422). Sir William thus inherited the title Lord Saint
Amand by right of his wife. Like his father he was Sheriff of
Wiltshire (1436-1437). When Sir William died in 1457, Elizabeth
married secondly, Sir Roger Tocotes in July 1458, but the title
Lord Saint Amand and Lord of the Manor of Bromham Roches
was passed onto her four year old son Sir Richard de Beauchamp,
following the death of his father.
RICHARD de BEAUCHAMP Lord Saint Amand (1453-1508)
- of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married to Lady Anne West, the daughter of Thomas West,
Lord Delaware of Ardor, Wiltshire. Sir Richard - Lord Saint
Amand, died without legitimate issue in 1508 and his first
cousin, thrice removed John Bayntun was named his successor.
This branch of the de la Mare (Delamare), de la Roche, and
de Beauchamp families, became merged in the Wiltshire family
of Bayntun. Their ancestor, Nicholas Bayntun of Faulston,
had married Joan, the younger daughter and co-heiress of Sir
John de la Roche, and their son Sir John Bayntun, afterwards
marrying Jane, daughter of Sir Richard Dudley - the granddaughter
and eventual heiress of Elizabeth, the elder daughter and
co-heiress of Sir John de la Roche. Therefore the Bayntuns
thus became the representatives of both families and the arms
of de Beauchamp; Beauchamp Saint Amand; de la Roche; de la
Mare (Delamare) and Wanton were blazoned as quarterings on
the Bayntun shield. The barony of Saint Amand became dormant
or extinct but John Bayntun became Lord of the Manor of Bromham
Roche at the age of 48.
BAYNTUN (1460-1516) - of Faulston, Wiltshire.
Was married to Joan, the daughter of Thomas Digges, of Chilham,
Kent. In 1508 the family moved from the family residence at Faulston
to their new home at Bromham Hall and continued to live there. When
John Bayntun died in 1516 the Manor of Bromham was passed onto his
36 year old son and heir, Sir Edward Bayntun.
EDWARD BAYNTUN (1480-1544) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married first, to Elizabeth Sulyard, daughter of Sir John Sulyard,
Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and secondly, to Isabel Leigh,
half sister of Queen Catherine Howard and daughter of Sir Ralph
Leigh of Edington, Stockwell, Co. Surrey. Sir Edward Bayntun was
in a position of great trust at the court of King Henry VIII and
used his influence to purchase the Manor of Battle Abbey at the
Dissolution of the Monasteries. From that day forward, the Manor
of Bromham Battle and the Manor of Bromham Roche became one and
were known throughout history as the Manor of Bromham or the Manor
of Bromham Bayntun. Sir Edward Bayntun was killed in France in 1544,
while serving his King and the Manor of Bromham was passed onto
his 29 year old son and heir, Sir Andrew Bayntun.
ANDREW BAYNTUN (1515-1564) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married first, to Phillipa Brulet, daughter of Gwylliam
Brulet, of France, Embroiderer to King Henry VIII and secondly,
to Francis Lee, daughter of Ralph Lee. Sir Andrew Bayntun
died in 1564 without a male heir and the Manor of Bromham
was passed onto his brother, Sir Edward Bayntun who was aged
47 at the time.
EDWARD BAYNTUN (1517-1593) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married first, to Agnes Ryce, daughter of Lady Catherine Howard
and Sir Rhys ap Gruffydd, of Pembrokeshire and secondly, to Anne
Packington. When Sir Edward Bayntun died in 1593, the Manor of Bromham
was passed onto his 21 year old son and heir, Sir Henry Bayntun.
HENRY BAYNTUN (1572-1616) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married to Lucy Danvers, daughter of Sir John Danvers, the Earl
of Danby, of Dauntsey, Wiltshire. When Sir Henry Bayntun died in
1616, the Manor of Bromham was passed onto his son and heir, Sir
Edward Bayntun, aged 23 at the time.
EDWARD BAYNTUN (1593-1657) - of Bromham, Wiltshire.
Was married first, to Elizabeth Maynard, daughter of Henry Maynard
of Easton, Essex and secondly, to Mary Bowell of Cokethorpe, Oxon.
When Sir Edward Bayntun died in 1657, the Manor of Bromham was passed
onto his eldest son and heir, Sir Edward Bayntun, who was 39 years
old at the time.
EDWARD BAYNTUN (1618-1679) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married to Dame Stuarta Thynne, daughter of Sir Thomas Thynne
of Richmond Surrey. When Sir Edward Bayntun died in 1679, the Manor
of Bromham was passed onto his 15 year old son and heir, Henry Bayntun.
BAYNTUN (1664-1691) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married to Lady Anne Wilmot, daughter of John Wilmot, Earl of
Rochester, of Woodstock. When Henry Bayntun died in 1691, the Manor
of Bromham was passed onto his son and heir, John Bayntun, who was
only 3 years of age at the time.
BAYNTUN (1688-1716) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married to Katherine Brouckner, daughter of Dauntsey Brouckner
of Earlstoke. When John Bayntun died in 1716 without issue, the
Bayntun estate was inherited by his sister, Ann Rolt (nee Bayntun)
and the Lordship of the Manor of Bromham was bestowed on his 6 year
old nephew, Edward Rolt, the son of the above Anne. The death of
John Bayntun meant that the long line of direct male Bayntun descendants
had died out in the county.
EDWARD BAYNTUN ROLT (1710-1800) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married to Dame Mary Poynter. He was Lord of the Manor of Bromham
for 74 years and when Sir Edward Bayntun-Rolt died in 1800, the
Manor was passed onto his only legitimate son and heir, Sir Andrew
Bayntun-Rolt, aged 45 at the time.
ANDREW BAYNTUN ROLT (1755-1816) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married first, to Lady Maria Coventry, daughter of George William,
6th Earl of Coventry and secondly to Anna Maria Maud. When Sir Andrew
Bayntun-Rolt died in 1816 without a legitimate son as heir, his
eldest daughter from his first marriage, Maria Barbara Starky (nee
Bayntun-Rolt) was the heiress of his estate. But according to custom,
the Lordship of the Manor of Bromham was passed onto her 17 year
old son, John Edward Andrew Bayntun-Starky.
EDWARD ANDREW BAYNTUN STARKY (1799-1843) - of Spye
Was married to Charlotte Wyndham, daughter of William Wyndham of
Phillips House, Dinton, Wiltshire. When John Edward Andrew Bayntun-Starky
died in 1843, the Manor of Bromham was passed onto his 9 year old
son and heir, John Bayntun-Starky.
BAYNTUN STARKY (1834-1872) - of Spye Park, Wiltshire.
Was married to Frances Anne Hunt-Grubbe, daughter of the Rev. James
Hunt-Grubbe, of Kensington, London. In 1863 John Bayntun-Starky
was in serious financial trouble, with debts so bad, his creditors
foreclosed on him. His losses came from swindling moneylenders,
giving deeds of his estate as security and friends who stole from
him. All his estates were sold, including the Manor of Bromham and
the Bayntun's 350 year reign of Lord of the Manor of Bromham came
to an end.